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How to diagnose mesothelioma

How to diagnose mesothelioma?

As we all know that Mesothelioma is a type of cancer and it can not be controlled once it’s spread. So it is very important to diagnose mesothelioma before it starts spreading. To diagnose mesothelioma there are many ways that will be discussed in detail. Symptoms of mesothelioma lead to a further diagnosis.

  • X-rays

The very first step that is taken to diagnose mesothelioma after having symptoms is an x-ray. An X-ray of the chest or abdomen is taken. In this process, radiations fall on the targeted areas and give basic images of tumors. This diagnosis of mesothelioma leads to further diagnosis and the patient is referred to a surgeon or oncologist.

  • CT Scan

The integration of hundreds of X-rays to get a clear and detailed image of internal structures through computer software is called a CT Scan. It is the second step taken to diagnose mesothelioma.

  • MRIs

Getting precise images that clearly show tumors especially in the brain, bones, and nerves. This process is done by using electromagnetic technology.

  • PET Scans

A dose of radioactive glucose is given to the patient so that the cells that are infected by tumors get lightened up and can easily be seen on the scan. These infected cells are swollen and give a sign of mesothelioma.

Biopsies

These are the processes through which mesothelioma diagnosis is confirmed. Different kinds of biopsy are used to diagnose mesothelioma. For example, Thoracoscopy is done to insert a camera and take out the fluid and make sure that there is a sign of mesothelioma. Mediastinoscopy is also a process in which a camera is passed through the neck. It is done to take biopsies of lymph nodes present around the windpipe. In thoracentesis, a small needle is passed through ribs from back to remove fluid and diagnose the reason for pleural effusions.

Free-needle Aspiration and Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy are also used to diagnose mesothelioma.

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